Venkateshwara Temple | Tirumala Venkateswara Temple | वेंकटेश्वर मंदिर - ভেঙ্কটেশ্বর মন্দির

Sri Venkateswara Temple, also known as the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, is a Hindu temple located in the town of Tirumala in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Venkateswara, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, one of the major deities in Hinduism.

The temple is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in India and is visited by millions of devotees every year. It is believed that Lord Venkateswara has the power to grant blessings and fulfill the desires of those who visit and offer prayers at the temple. The temple is also considered to be one of the richest temples in the world, with offerings from devotees contributing to its wealth.

The temple features traditional South Indian architecture, with intricate carvings and sculptures adorning its walls and towers. The main shrine houses the idol of Lord Venkateswara, and the temple complex includes several other smaller shrines dedicated to other Hindu gods and goddesses. The temple also has several halls for congregational worship and facilities for the accommodation of pilgrims.

The puja timings at Sri Venkateswara Temple may vary, but the temple is generally open from early in the morning until late in the evening, with several puja ceremonies conducted throughout the day.

Venkateshwara Temple

This temple is one of the most prominent temples and also one of the richest temples in the world. The ancient and sacred temple of Sri Venkateswara is located on the seventh peak which is called as Venkata Hill. This lies on the southern banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini.

The Sri Venkateswara Temple, at Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh, has gained a unique sanctity in India. It has been said that one can attain mukti by going to the temple. In the Rig Veda and Asthadasa Puranas, the benefits of pilgrimage to Venkatachala are mentioned. In these epics, Sri Venkateswara is described as the giver of boons and there are several legends associated with the Lord at Tirumala.
The temple has its origins in Vaishnavism. This community advocates the principles of equality and love. It also prohibits animal sacrifice.
Venkateshwara Temple

All the great dynasties of rulers in the south have prayed to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. These include the kings of The Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later), the Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijayanagar (14th - 15th century AD). These people were devotees of the Lord. These people also competed with one another for offering their wealth to the temple. There is a statue of Venkatapati Raya in the main temple apart from other statues.

After the decline of the Vijayanagar dynasty, people still continued to visit the temple often. The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle, visited the temple. He also set up a permanent endowment for worshipping in the temple. Apart from that, he also presented valuable jewels to the Lord. This included a large emerald which is still maintained in a box named after the General. After that, rulers from Mysore and Gadwal contributed a lot to the temple.
After the fall of the Hindu kingdoms, there were some Muslim rulers of Karnataka after which the Britishers took over supervising the temples.

In the time of 1843 AD, the East India Company divested itself. This was from the direct management of non-Christian places of worship. This also included native religious institutions. After that happened, the administration of the shrine of Sri Venkateswara and a number of estates were entrusted to Sri Seva Dossji of the Hatiramji Mutt at Tirumala. The temple remained under the administration of the Mahants till 1933 AD.

In the year 1933, the Madras Legislature passed a special act. This made Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams(TTD) Committee control and administer a fixed group of temples in the Tirumala-Tirupati area. This was done through a Commissioner appointed by the Government of Madras.
In the year 1951, the Act of 1933 was replaced by an enactment. Here the administration of TTD was entrusted to a Board of Trustees. After that, an Executive Officer was appointed by the Government.

Deities of Venkateshwara Temple

The Sri Venkateswara Temple, also known as the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, is dedicated to Lord Venkateswara, who is considered to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, one of the major deities in Hinduism.

Lord Venkateswara is worshipped as the deity who bestows blessings and fulfills the desires of those who offer prayers at the temple. He is depicted as a handsome young man with a crown and holding a conch shell, a discus, and a mace in his hands, and is considered to be an embodiment of compassion and grace.

In addition to Lord Venkateswara, the temple also has shrines dedicated to other Hindu gods and goddesses, such as Lord Narasimha, Lord Rama, and Goddess Lakshmi. These shrines are visited by devotees as part of their pilgrimage to the temple.

Overall, the Sri Venkateswara Temple is a major centre of worship for Lord Venkateswara and is considered to be one of the most important pilgrimage sites in India for devotees of Lord Vishnu.

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